Are you worried about discolored patch of skin? If you discover discolored skin, you need not fret over it unnecessarily. The awareness about skin cancer is on the rise but still you need not worry over every spot on your skin. You need to be informed and visit a dermatologist in a timely manner. By visiting a dermatologist, you will get to know about the underlying ailment. After you get to know the root cause of the problem, you can treat it accordingly. You may know that the discoloration occurs on the topmost layer of the skin called the epidermis which produces the cells known as melanocytes. Melanocytes are responsible for producing skin pigment called melanin. Now, melanin blocks the harmful ultra violet rays of the sun. When you tan your skin with excessive exposure to the rays of the sun, the melanin protects your layer of the skin by turning it into brown color. If you wish to recognize skin discoloration, you can read the below section.
Recognizing the various kinds of skin discoloration
Even if the melanin covers the entire skin, the skin may still get discolored at random places. The discoloration may be widespread or can be even limited to a few places. If the discoloration is widespread, it is generalized discoloration. But, if the discoloration is just on one side, it is segmental discoloration. Since the discoloration is affecting only one part of the skin, it is segmental. Apart from this, if there is discoloration in a few places, it is termed as focal discoloration. The affected skin may become hyperpigmented with dark patches or can even become hypopigmented. If you notice discoloration on the skin, whether it is focal, segmental, generalized, your next step would be to determine whether you should see the doctor or not.
Some of the questions you may ask
When you find discolored skin, you can ask yourself several questions. You should first think about the reason behind the discoloration. If you can explain the reason behind the discoloration, there is nothing to worry. For instance, it may happen that you underwent training under the sun and just did not use any sun block. Thus, your skin might have become darker due to excessive melanin. This is not the reason to worry. Secondly, you need to see closely if the color of the skin is changing or not. If the size, shape and color of skin change drastically, it may be the reason to worry. You should immediately see a doctor in that case.
Types of discoloration
If you wish to recognize the skin discoloration, you must check out for the following signs:
• If you notice a lighter skin tone, it is the result of hypopigmentation
• Darker skin color is the result of excessive melanin production.
• There can be paleness of skin due to reduction in oxyhemoglobin
• If your skin is prone to eczema, skin discoloration may show in the form of skin redness
• Any kind of severe liver condition may show in the form of skin turning yellow
• If the skin turns severely yellow, it becomes orange in color
• You may also notice that the skin is turning blue. This is the type of skin discoloration resulting from Cyanosis.
Thus, we can say that skin discoloration may manifest in various forms. If there is any change in the color of the skin, it is definitely skin discoloration.